Herero and Namaqua Genocide, the first genocide of the 20th century, begins in German South-West Africa. In Russia the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks form from the breakup of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. 1960 U-2 incident sparks deterioration in relations between superpowers. Year of Africa: Independence of 17 African nations. Assassination of Patrice Lumumba begins the Congo Crisis. The Beatles release their landmark album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt disappears while swimming at Cheviot Beach, Victoria.
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Technological advances during the 20th century allowed cheaper production of books, resulting in a significant rise in production of popular literature and trivial literature, comparable to the similar developments in music. Towards the end of the 20th century, electronic literature developed due to the development of hypertext and later the world wide web. The Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded annually throughout the century (with the exception of 1914, 1918, 1935 and 1940–1943), the first laureate (1901) being Sully Prudhomme. The New York Times Best Seller list has been published since 1942.
So the 20th century deteoriation was only the culminatiom of what happened long time before. Related QuestionsMore Answers Below.
The deterioration of the two biggest Communist nations led to a schism in the Communist world between Pro-Soviet and Pro-Chinese communism. Though Soviet Communism, with its use of military and economic aid, would come to be the bigger influence. Also during this time, the USSR began a campaign to spread its influence countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Though Witte lost his position early in the 20th century, he was determined to return to the political spotlight however. And he did, during the end of the Russian Japanese war. The war was a loss for Russia and he was assigned as a diplomat to negotiate peace talks with Japan.
20TH century mathematics - gödel. Kurt Gödel (1906-1978). Kurt Gödel grew up a rather strange, sickly child in Vienna. Nevertheless, he threw himself into the same problem that had destroyed the mental well-being of Georg Cantor during the previous century, the continuum hypothesis. In fact, he made an important step in the resolution of that notoriously difficult problem (by proving that the the axiom of choice is independence from finite type theory), without which Paul Cohen would probably never have been able to come to his definitive solution. Like Cantor and others after him, though, Gödel too suffered a gradual deterioration in his mental and physical health
But the 20th century saw the decline of Britain partly caused by the impressive growth of German industry and also by new emerging powers, the USA and Japan. During his reign, Victoria’s eldest son, Edward VII, pursued a policy of peace and good relationships with foreign countries. England lived in the wave of Victorian optimism: the illusion that the economic and social situation of the country was destined to prosper forever even if the gap between the rich and the poor still existed (Disraeli’s The 2 nations ). there were many social reforms and even living habits changed: cigarette smoking, cinema, gambling, use of contraceptives; The growth in industries in Asia and Japan caused a deterioration of European economy, great depression, which was made worse by the wall street crash in 1929 followed by the new deal policy established by the American President Roosvelt.
In the early 20th century the Māori presence at Ōhinemutu and Whakarewarewa was still highly valued as a tourist drawcard, but the government and the town board invested little in the infrastructure of either village. Mokoia Island was managed by the Mokoia Island Trust, controlled by Ngāti Whakaue, Ngāti Rangiteaorere, Ngāti Rangiwewehi and Ngāti Uenukukōpako. At the end of the 20th century, Māori cultural tourism still centred on Rotorua – mainly the Tamaki Māori Village (a replica early Māori village), together with Whakarewarewa village and Te Puia, which incorporated the Māori Arts and Crafts Institute.
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